細螺旋體病毒(Leptospirosis) 
 德州北部最近發生了這個事件。有一婦女星期天去划船,她帶了些可樂罐頭,放在小船的冰箱內。 
星期一她送進了醫院,安置在加護病房。 
星期三她死了。 
驗屍結果她死於 Leptospirosis(細螺旋體病),追蹤到可樂罐頭,她沒有使用玻璃杯喝。 
實驗證明罐頭受到鼠尿感染細螺旋體病毒。 
鼠尿含有毒性和致命物質。在喝罐裝汽水之前,強烈建議汽水罐的上部要清洗乾淨。 
因為罐頭從倉庫運送到商店是沒有清洗的。 
NYCU研究顯示,汽水罐上面充滿毒菌和細菌,比公共廁所還多。 
因此所有的易開罐打開對嘴喝之前用水洗乾淨,避免發生任何致命事故。

之前就看過文章~~剛好有寫過回信,順便再貼一次。

以下幾點推論:

1.  Leptospirosis 應該是『鉤端螺旋體病』而不是『細螺旋體病』,『鉤端螺旋體病』也就是俗稱的『鼠尿病』,因為這種病菌是經由鼠尿所帶菌傳染,傳染途逕為『鉤體』在動物腎臟內生長繁殖,菌隨尿排出,污染水及土壤。人們接觸被污染水和土壤,病原體通過破損的皮膚或粘膜侵入體內而受染,患病孕婦甚至可傳給胎兒。另外一種傳染途逕則是經過未煮熟且已受鉤體感染之食物透過消化道感染,或者是經由其它感染者所傳染。

2.  文章說說『追蹤到可樂罐頭,她沒有使用玻璃杯喝。』若可樂罐曾經受鉤體所感染,鉤體也無法存活,因為鉤體對外界抵抗力雖然頗強,但在冷濕及弱鹼環境中生存較久。在河溝及田水中能存活數日至月餘。對乾燥,熱,酸,鹼和清毒劑很敏感。只要日光直射二小時,或60 ℃環境下十分鐘,或餘氯超過0.3 0.5 ppm三分鐘,任一方式都讓鉤體無法存活下去,更重要的是,鉤體雖然頑強,但也不可能在『鋁罐』生長存活。

3.  就算那鋁罐是在主角的家中受到鉤體所污染,她也真的很不幸沒發現,那就算是倒出來用杯子喝也一樣會感染,不是嗎?所以這謠言要虎爛前,應該要先寫上洗淨罐口再倒。不過這篇很顯然的已經改正了XD

4.  鉤體的宿主並非只有在老鼠,兔子、狗、豬的身上都可發現,其中老鼠和豬及狗的帶菌可長達數年,在靠近台灣的國家中鼠尿病最嚴重的疫區是泰國,所以若前往泰國旅遊時千萬別食用未煮熟的食物及水。

5.  這不是最近的事情了,2002年老外就有人在唬爛了:http://urbanlegends.about.com/library/bl_leptospirosis_coke_can.htm

6.  結論,這應該是某個環保人士希望大家減少使用鋁罐打擊食品廠所寫出來危言聳聽的文章。

Variant #1:
Email example contributed by Phil R., 25 September 2002:

Subject: FW: Coke anyone?

Charming........

This incident happened recently in Belgium.

A woman went boating one Sunday, taking with her some cans of coke which she put in the refrigerator of the boat. On Monday she was taken into ICU and on Wednesday she died.

The autopsy revealed a certain Leptospirosis caused by the can of coke from which she had drunk straight out of,not using a glass. A test showed that the can was infected by dried rat urine and hence the disease Leptospirosis.

Rat urine contains toxic and deathly substances. It is highly recommended to wash thoroughly the upper part of soda cans before drinking out of them as they have been stocked in warehouses and transported straight to the shops without with being cleaned.

A study in Spain showed that the tops of soda cans are more contaminated then public toilets i.e full of germs and bacteria. So to wash them with water is advised before putting it to the mouth to avoid any kind of fatal accident.





Variant #2:
Email example contributed by Kim P., 8 April 2005:

 

IMPORTANT PLEASE READ

This incident happened recently in North Texas . We need to be even more careful everywhere. A woman went boating one Sunday, taking with her some cans of coke which she put in the refrigerator of the boat. On Monday she was taken into Intensive Care Unit and on Wednesday she died.

The autopsy revealed a certain Leptospirose caused by the can of coke from which she had drunk, not using a glass. A test showed that the can was infected by dried rat urine and hence the disease Leptospirosis.

Rat urine contains toxic and deathly substances. It is highly recommended to wash thoroughly the upper part of soda cans before drinking out of them as they have been stocked in warehouses and transported straight to the shops without being cleaned

A study at NYCU showed that the tops of soda cans are more contaminated than public toilets (i.e).. full of germs and bacteria. So wash them with water before putting them to the mouth to avoid any kind of fatal accident.

Please forward this message to all the people you care about.

( I JUST DID ! )


Comments: If you compare the two different versions above, one of which began circulating in 2002 and the other three years later in 2005 (with variants in between), you will find them identical except for the following features:

·The first claims the woman became sick in Belgium, the second in North Texas.

·The first refers to the disease as "Leptospirosis," the second calls it "Leptospirose."

·The first claims a study in Spain showed that the tops of soda cans are "more contaminated than public toilets," the second says the study was done at "NYCU" (perhaps meaning NYU, or New York University).

Not to worry -- neither version is true. Though rat urine can transmit diseases that affect humans (if the rat itself is a carrier), it is not inherently toxic or rife with "deathly substances." There is no record in standard medical research databases of a study comparing the cleanliness of soda cans with that of public toilets. Soda cans are typically stored and shipped in shrink wrap or cardboard cases, so they are an unlikely vehicle for dried rat urine, contaminated or otherwise.

Leptospirosis is a real (though relatively rare) disease and it can be transmitted via rat urine or feces, but the only cases reported in Texas over the past several years affected the canine population only.

 

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  • Mute
  • 過這麼久,
    我終於知道我媽是看哪則謠言自己嚇自己了!
    哈哈
  • Kissin Wang
  • 不客氣 很高興這對你有幫助!
  • 楊宇文
  • 雖然是假的
    但瓶子還是得洗乾淨再喝
    不然真的有啥東西爬過都不知道